This conference was held
4-6 May 2007 and organised by the RNZIH NZ Gardens Trust.
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING
venue was the Camelot Room, The Chateau on the Park, Kilmarnock
Date: Friday 4
Time: 6.30 pm, and was followed by Institute Awards prior
to the Banks Memorial Lecture.
BANKS MEMORIAL LECTURE (a free public lecture)
"Discovery and description" of the New Zealand flora: a contemporary
By Peter Heenan
The Royal New Zealand
Institute of Horticulture was delighted to be associated with the
New Zealand Gardens Trust annual Conference and welcomed Peter Heenan
as their guest speaker for the Banks Memorial Lecture for 2007.
Peter provided a very
interesting and informative lecture.
The Banks Memorial Lecture
is a free lecture open to the public. It commemorates Sir
Joseph Banks, botanist on Captain Cook's first voyage to New Zealand.
During a later distinguished scientific career, he was Director
of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London.
Date: Friday 4
Time: 7.30-8.30 pm.
Venue: The Camelot Room, The Chateau on the Park, Kilmarnock
New Zealand has a rich history of botanical discovery and description
of its flora, with the first voyages made by Captain Cook including
naturalists such as Joseph Banks, Daniel Solander, Johann Forster,
and Georg Forster.
Plants collected by these
naturalists formed the backbone of the early floras of New Zealand,
including Florulae Insularum Australium Prodromus by G. Forster
and the Handbook of the New Zealand flora by J. D. Hooker.
The more recent New Zealand flora's have relied much more extensively
on plant collections and research by botanists resident in New Zealand,
including T. Kirk, T. F. Cheeseman, and the authors of the five
volume Flora of New Zealand series published between 1961
The flora treatments
provide the latest information up to the time they are published,
but subsequent field work, plant collections, and detailed study
of character variation and plant distributions frequently provides
new insights into relationships among plants. Taxonomic research
on many groups of New Zealand plants is an ongoing process, and
the "discovery and description" of the New Zealand flora is far
from complete. Although more than 2000 indigenous New Zealand plants
have been named it is estimated that about another 15% (c. 300)
have yet to be formally named and described.
Since the early 1990s
there has been a renaissance in flowering plant taxonomy, and from
this time more than 156 new species, subspecies, and varieties of
New Zealand plants have been named. Much of this recent research
has been on grasses, threatened species, and species-rich genera
which lacked a modern taxonomic treatment. In this talk I will provide
an overview of some of this taxonomic research including aspects
biogeography, conservation, the role of DNA sequence data.
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