Illustrated Guide to
of New Zealand
Weeds of New Zealand
by Ian Popay, Paul Champion & Trevor James
ISBN 0 473 09760 5
by kind permission of the
Zealand Plant Protection Society
Publication or other use of images or descriptive
text on these pages is unauthorised unless written permission is
obtained from the authors and publisher.
of the publication Common Weeds of New Zealand must always
Available from Touchwood
deciduous shrub or small tree up to 6 m tall, with distinctive orange-coloured
aril surrounding the seeds.
Greenish-yellow, 8-10 mm in diameter, with four narrow, widely
separated petals. Flowers in long-stalked, two- to fifteen-flowered,
flat- or convex-topped inflorescences with forked branches. Flowers
Deep pink, four-lobed capsules, that spring open to expose the
bright orange aril covering the seeds.
In opposite pairs, oval to elliptical, up to 10 cm long, stalks
up to 12 mm long, finely-toothed, pointed. Turning red in autumn.
Young twigs four-angled, green. Mature bark grey and smooth.
Scrubland, forest margins,
hedges and waste places.
Occasional in NI at
Palmerston North and Levin. Common in lowland Marlborough, Canterbury
and Dunedin in SI. Originally from Europe to Caucasia.
Said to be poisonous,
but that poisoning is rare.
Japanese spindle tree
(Euoymus japonicus) is an evergreen shrub or small tree
up to 7 m tall, distinguished from spindle tree (Euonymus
europaeus) by its rounded, unlobed capsules. Found in scrubland
and waste places. Common in Auckland City, has also been found
in Levin and Pukerua Bay, Wellington. Only found in NI. Subject
to Pest Plant Management Strategies in several regions of NZ.
Details are available from individual regional councils or unitary
of botanical name
name of plant; europaeus (Lat.) = of Europe.