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Book cover - Common Weeds of New ZealandAn Illustrated Guide to
Common Weeds
of New Zealand

 

Lycium ferocissimum
boxthorn

Family SOLANACEAE

Reproduced from
Common Weeds of New Zealand
by Ian Popay, Paul Champion & Trevor James
ISBN 0 473 09760 5
by kind permission of the
New Zealand Plant Protection Society

Publication or other use of images or descriptive text on these pages is unauthorised unless written permission is obtained from the authors and publisher.
Appropriate acknowledgement of the publication Common Weeds of New Zealand must always be given.

Available from Touchwood Books

Lycium ferocissimum - boxthorn

Densely-branched, erect, woody, evergreen perennial. Coastal shrub and hedge plant up to 6 m tall, with strong spines at the tips of the branches. Flowers white or pale mauve, followed by 10 mm wide orange-red berries.

  • Flowers Whitish to pale mauve, 10-12 mm in diameter, slender corolla tube 10-13 mm long. Flowers Jul-Mar.
  • Fruit Poisonous orange-red round berries 5-12 mm in diameter. Seeds dispersed by birds.
  • Leaves Narrow, oblong, up to 40 mm long by 12 mm wide, hairless, almost stalkless. Alternate on young shoots, in clusters on mature stems.
  • Stems Tough, woody, alternately branched, with strong 13 mm terminal spines.

Habitat

Lycium ferocissimum - boxthornHedges, waste places, sand dunes and coastal places.

Distribution

Common as stock-proof hedging in dairying districts of coastal Auckland and Taranaki in NI. Occasional in coastal localities in SI as far south as Foveaux Strait. Originally from South Africa.

Comments

Used as an excellent hedging plant in some areas, and rarely spreads into good pasture, but is a troublesome weed in some broken country. Subject to Pest Plant Management Strategies in several regions of NZ. Details are available from individual regional councils or unitary authorities.

Derivation of name

Lycium Gr. name for a thorny tree; ferocissimum (Lat.) = very savage.

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Web-notes: Weed Links

On this site

Reproduced from Common Weeds of New Zealand:

External Links

WeedbustersWeedbusters New Zealand
Weedbusters is a weeds awareness and education programme that aims to protect New Zealand's environment from the increasing weed problem.
PestWebNZ™
A free tool to assist farmers and agricultural professionals in decision-making regarding weed and pest identification, biology, impact and management.
Weed keyNew Zealand Weeds Key
An interactive identification key to the weeds of New Zealand. Developed at Landcare Research.

New Zealand Plant Conservation Network naturalised plants
Search for information on more than 2500 naturalise and weedy plants.
NZ Plant Protection SocietyNew Zealand Plant Protection Society
Their main objective: "To pool and exchange information on the biology of weeds, invertebrate and vertebrate pests, pathogens and beneficial organisms and methods for modifying their effects."
 
Massey UniversityMassey University Weeds Database
A site providing information about New Zealand weeds and weed control. It has a series of pages showing pictures of New Zealand weeds, notes on identification and control. It also provides information on a university paper entitled Controlling Weeds.
 

 
 
 
Weeds in Australia
Weeds website of the Australian Government.
Weed Society of Victoria
Promoting wider awareness and interest in weeds and their management. Includes a useful page of links to other weed societies.
 
Tamar Valley Weeds Strategy
Listing of common and botanical names, images, and information including control methods for weeds found in Tasmania, and also weeds of national significance.
 

Invasive and Exotic Species of North America
Images and other information from the University of Georgia.

World of Weeds
Weed-related resources including weed science, practical tools, gardening tips about controlling weeds, and environmental news updates.
 
Invasive Species Specialist Group
"The ISSG aims to reduce threats to natural ecosystems and the native species they contain by increasing awareness of invasive alien species, and of ways to prevent, control or eradicate them."
WeedScience
Site that includes a comprehensive collection of weed images from around the world.
 


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Last updated: July 13, 2014