Illustrated Guide to
of New Zealand
Weeds of New Zealand
by Ian Popay, Paul Champion & Trevor James
ISBN 0 473 09760 5
by kind permission of the
Zealand Plant Protection Society
Publication or other use of images or descriptive
text on these pages is unauthorised unless written permission is
obtained from the authors and publisher.
of the publication Common Weeds of New Zealand must always
Available from Touchwood
A fern ally.
Forms extensive dense carpets in damp shaded sites, with small cones
producing spores. Leaves small, in four rows on the stem.
- Leaves Sterile
leaves of two sizes. The two lateral rows have spreading oval
leaves, 3-4 mm long, with pointed tips. The two upper rows have
leaves 2-3 mm long flattened against the stems and with tapering
- Stems Creeping,
irregularly-branched, rooting at the nodes, forming a loose mat.
- Roots Long
fine aerial roots from nodes.
- Spores Borne
on stalkless, rounded cones up to 1 cm long, laterally placed
on the stems.
Damp forest floors, stream
banks, gardens, nurseries, shade houses and ferneries.
Frequent throughout NI
in lowland sites. Scattered SI localities in Nelson, Westland, Canterbury
and Otago. Originally from central and southern Africa.
as an attractive garden ground cover plant, but now common as a
weed in many areas. Listed on the National
Pest Plant Accord (see Introduction for details).
of botanical name
= little clubmoss; kraussiana, after Ferdinand C. Krauss,
who introduced it to Europe.