is the best time to start growing garlic? The garlic I harvest are
small in size, unlike those available in the market, although they
come from the same variety. Multiple shoots/growths leading to deformity/odd
shape/pips at time of harvest what are the probable causes?
What is the most suitable nutrient needed by the plant for a healthy
and vigorous growth and later a good harvest of large-sized garlic?
best time to plant garlic is June traditionally the shortest
day of the year (21 June) and harvest on the longest day of the
year (21 December). In cooler districts garlic can be planted in
May right through to August.
It is possible that garlic
purchased from the supermarket has been treated by the grower with
a retardant to stop the bulbs from sprouting. This will explain
the stunted growth and distortion. Purchase garlic bulbs from garden
centres or an organic vegetable shop that way, you will know
they have not been treated with a retardant.
Plant garlic into a well-drained
soil in a sunny position. Dig in generous quantities of compost,
and an application of general garden fertiliser and lime before
Break the bulb into individual
cloves taking the largest cloves from around the outside of the
bulb discard the smaller ones or use in cooking. Break the
bulb up just before planting.
Keep the area weed free
and if conditions are dry, keep well watered.
Plant cloves with the
narrow end up, so they are just covered approximately 2-5
cm deep. This will depend upon the size of the clove. Reduce watering
one month before harvest to improve the keeping quality. If flower
stalks appear, remove them as this will reduce the size of the garlic
bulbs when harvested.
by Dr Dan Blanchon from Unitec's Diploma in Sustainable Horticulture and Bachelor
of Resource Management.
with permission from NZOOM Home and Garden content,
from the previous
The views expressed here are not necessarily those of the RNZIH