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Book cover - Common Weeds of New ZealandAn Illustrated Guide to
Common Weeds
of New Zealand


Chrysanthemoides monilifera


Chrysanthemoides monilifera - boneseedReproduced from
Common Weeds of New Zealand
by Ian Popay, Paul Champion & Trevor James
ISBN 0 473 09760 5
by kind permission of the
New Zealand Plant Protection Society

Publication or other use of images or descriptive text on these pages is unauthorised unless written permission is obtained from the authors and publisher.
Appropriate acknowledgement of the publication Common Weeds of New Zealand must always be given.

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Bushy, much-branched shrub up to 2 m or more tall, with bright yellow composite flowers in clusters and smooth, leathery, entire leaves.Chrysanthemoides monilifera - boneseed

  • Flowers Bright yellow, 25-30 mm in diameter, in loose branched corymbs. Individual flowers with five to six ray florets 13 mm long and numerous disk florets. Flowers Sep-Feb.
  • Fruit Almost round, green drupes 6-9 mm in diameter, very hard with a thin fleshy covering. Turning black when ripe.
  • Leaves Smooth, leathery, oval to elliptical, up to 7 cm long by 3.5 cm wide, irregularly serrate with three to nine teeth per side. Leaf tips pointed or blunt.
  • Stems Ribbed, woolly when young, but soon becoming smooth.


Coastal cliffs, waste places, scrubland and road-sides.


Frequent in coastal NI localities, and also in Nelson City, Port Hills (Christchurch) and Otago Peninsula in SI. Originally from south-west Cape area of South Africa.


A common weed in Australia and seems to be increasing in NZ. Listed on the National Pest Plant Accord (see Introduction for details).

Derivation of botanical name

Chrysanthemoides (Gr.) = like chrysanthemum; monilifera (Lat.) bearing a necklace.


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Web-notes: Weed Links

On this site

Reproduced from Common Weeds of New Zealand:

External Links

WeedbustersWeedbusters New Zealand
Weedbusters is a weeds awareness and education programme that aims to protect New Zealand's environment from the increasing weed problem.
A free tool to assist farmers and agricultural professionals in decision-making regarding weed and pest identification, biology, impact and management.
Weed keyNew Zealand Weeds Key
An interactive identification key to the weeds of New Zealand. Developed at Landcare Research.

New Zealand Plant Conservation Network naturalised plants
Search for information on more than 2500 naturalised and weedy plants.
NZ Plant Protection SocietyNew Zealand Plant Protection Society
Their main objective: "To pool and exchange information on the biology of weeds, invertebrate and vertebrate pests, pathogens and beneficial organisms and methods for modifying their effects."
Massey UniversityMassey University Weeds Database
A site providing information about New Zealand weeds and weed control. It has a series of pages showing pictures of New Zealand weeds, notes on identification and control. It also provides information on a university paper entitled Controlling Weeds.

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Last updated: March 1, 2021