Illustrated Guide to
of New Zealand
Weeds of New Zealand
by Ian Popay, Paul Champion & Trevor James
ISBN 0 473 09760 5
by kind permission of the
Zealand Plant Protection Society
Publication or other use of images or descriptive
text on these pages is unauthorised unless written permission is
obtained from the authors and publisher.
of the publication Common Weeds of New Zealand must always
Available from Touchwood
Erect or mat-forming,
rhizomatous, pleasant smelling perennial with feathery leaves, often
forming extensive patches on cultivated ground or in grassland.
White or occasionally pink flowers in heads in clusters at the top
of flower stalks, often about 50 cm high. Very common in pastures,
along road-sides and in waste places.
Individual flowers white, sometimes pink or reddish, 5-10 mm in
diameter, composite, with four to seven white, pink or red ray
florets and ten to twelve creamy disk florets. Flowers arranged
in dense, flat-topped, terminal compound corymbs up to about 15
cm across. Flowers Dec-May.
Greyish flattened achenes (seeds) 2 mm long, with narrow pale
brown wings and no pappus hairs.
Feathery, dark green, stalked, lance-shaped basal leaves up to
15 cm long by 2 cm wide, two- or three-times pinnate. Stem leaves
smaller and less divided.
Erect or curved upwards at the tips, leafy, finely-furrowed, downy
Fibrous, arising from nodes on the rhizomes.
Arable land, pasture,
waste areas, road-sides, railways, industrial sites, lawns, marshy
and coastal places.
NZ and the offshore islands, especially in drier areas. Originally
from Europe, Caucasia, Iran, Siberia and the Himalayas.
A very widespread
weed and component of pastures. It used to be sown as a drought-tolerant
pasture species and is readily grazed by stock. Since the time
of Achilles, yarrow has had a reputation for healing wounds. It
also has a number of other medicinal uses, including treatment
of fevers, muscular ailments and respiratory complaints.
of botanical name
(Gr.) = after the hero Achilles, said to have used it medicinally;
millefolium (Lat.) = thousand-leaved, a reference to
the finely divided leaves.