Illustrated Guide to
of New Zealand
Weeds of New Zealand
by Ian Popay, Paul Champion & Trevor James
ISBN 0 473 09760 5
by kind permission of the
Zealand Plant Protection Society
Publication or other use of images or descriptive
text on these pages is unauthorised unless written permission is
obtained from the authors and publisher.
of the publication Common Weeds of New Zealand must always
Available from Touchwood
frost-tender perennial of shaded damp places, that tends to suppress
all other ground cover. White, triangular flowers with three petals.
Leaves dark green, shiny, smooth and slightly fleshy, arranged alternately
on the stem.
- Flowers White,
triangular, about 2 cm in diameter, with three petals and three
green sepals. Each flower is on a slender stalk up to 15 mm long,
and the flowers are produced in small clusters at the ends of
the stems. Flowers Dec-Jan.
- Fruit Fruit
not seen in NZ.
- Leaves Dark
green, shiny, smooth and somewhat fleshy. Broadly elliptical,
3-6 cm long, with short leaf stalks. Leaves pointed, with parallel
veins and hairs on the leaf margins. Leaves abruptly narrowed
at the base to a short sheath which loosely clasps the stem.
- Stems Succulent,
trailing, rooting at the nodes, and curved upwards at the tips.
- Roots The
stems produce roots at nodes wherever they contact the ground.
Damp shaded places
in gardens, parks, banks, stream-sides and bush reserves.
Common to abundant
in frost-free places throughout NI. Found locally in SI, near
Westport, Havelock and Rarangi in Marlborough, and in Christchurch
A serious problem especially
in native bush, where it gives a dense ground cover that prevents
regeneration of seedlings. This plant does not produce seeds in
NZ, and regenerates only from stem fragments. Listed on the National
Pest Plant Accord (see Introduction for details).
of botanical name
John Tradescant, 17th cent. botanist; fluminensis (Lat.)
= from Rio de Janeiro.